American painter, sculptor, printmaker, illustrator, performance artist, stage designer and poet. Dine’s first involvement with the art world was in his Happenings of 1959–60. These historic theatrical events, such as The Smiling Workman (performed at the Judson Gallery, New York, 1959), took place in chaotic, makeshift environments built by the artist–performer. During the same period he created his first assemblages, which incorporated found materials. Simultaneously he developed the method by which he produced his best known work—paintings, drawings, prints and sculptures that depict and expressively interpret common images and objects.